On Tue, 25 May 1999, Dave Van Zandt wrote:

> Hi, I attended your IOUGA session, and I recognize you may not have time
> to address this.  My question is, your script on "concurrent users"
> treats the sessions at the time of the snapshot: is this the criteria
> Oracle uses to establish licensing, i.e, one session = one concurrent
> user?  If so, is one then penalized because of the SYSTEM background
> processes running?
> I don't seem to get a straight answer from Oracle Sales on this one --
> wonder why.....
> Kind regards,
> David Van Zandt
> David.Vanzandt@Alcoa.com

Glad that you attended my session. As for your question, it is a good one.
Oracle Sales has different criteria for different licenses. There is an
unlimited license (based on a per-CPU bases) which is different for
production and development databases. There is a subscriber-based license
(number of users in a database - that is the number of "subscribers" to a
service with profiles stored in the database). There is also a per-user
license. This is what you are most likely referring to.

First, Oracle does not have any limitations in the database for licensing.
For instance, if you have a 5 user license and 500 people connect, they
WILL technically be able to. You will just be operating illegally.

As for the script from the speech, the query IS the one for the per-user
basis. You should look at the "maximum concurrent users since the database
came up" results and subtract the number of background processes to get
the per-user license arrangement. This varies (you may have multiple
database writers, for instance).

Keep in mind that the licensing issues are constantly changing from
Oracle. The people I deal with are generally flexible (anywhere from 10%
to 35% off) depending on the situation. So, keep working with your Sales
Representative (or talk to several of them from different companies) until
you can mutually work something out.

Best regards,

-Ari Kaplan
Independent Oracle DBA Consultant

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